indicate the type of state of the system.

A system consists of carbon, C, oxygen, O2, and carbon dioxide, CO2 confined in a fixed volume, airtight, perfectly isolated container. For each of the descriptions below, indicate the type of state of the system.

(a) Measurements are made from time to time, and it is found that the amount of free oxygen is continuously decreasing.

(b) Measurements are made from time to time, and it is found that the amounts of C, O2, and CO2 are invariant. Moreover, it is found that upon igniting a spark, these amounts are affected.

(c) Measurements are made from time to time, and it is found that the amounts of C, O2, and CO2 are invariant. Moreover, despite many efforts, including igniting a spark, these amounts are not affected.

(d) Measurements of the energy of the system made from time to time show that the energy is time invariant.

Calculate the maximum achievable bridge out-of-balance voltage for an applied torque T of 103 N m given the following

Four strain gauges, with specification given below, are available to measure the torque on a cylindrical shaft 4 cm in diameter connecting a motor and load. (a) Draw clearly labelled….

Find the gain and phase characteristics of the maintaining amplifier.

A solid-state capacitive humidity sensor has a capacitance given by: C = 1.7 RH + 365pF where RH is the percentage relative humidity. The sensor has an associated parallel resistance….

calculate the mean velocity of the gas at maximum flow rate

A pitot tube is used to measure the mean velocity of high pressure gas in a 0.15 m diameter pipe. At maximum flow rate the mean pitot differential pressure is….