investigate fracture and fracture mechanics in pressure vessels through studying and reviewing the following aspects:

Pressure vessels are wildly used in various industrial facilities to store pressurised gases or liquids. Due to the significant pressure levels, brittle fracture of pressure vessels can be dangerous resulting in catastrophic failures if a proper design and/or inspections/maintenance are not performed. This project aims to investigate fracture and fracture mechanics in pressure vessels through studying and reviewing the following aspects: • An introduction to pressure vessels (definition, categorisation e.g. thin-walled, schematic figures with the main geometric parameters). • Different types/shapes/configurations of pressure vessels. • Typical ranges of pressures used in various industries/applications along with examples of pressurised gases and liquids stored in pressure vessels. • Stress analysis (equations/formulations) for cylindrical and spherical vessels (thick- and thin-walled vessels). • Common manufacturing methods/techniques used to construct pressure vessels. • Common materials used for constructing pressure vessels. • Important design parameters and well-known design codes/standards. • Fracture in pressure vessels (include technical information) • Examples of previous significant failures • Prevention of brittle fracture in pressure vessels • Leak-before-break design of pressure vessels (concept, formulation, etc) Please note that: • Your investigation can, of course, include some other relevant/useful aspects in addition to those suggested above. • The last five aspects should be the main focus. • Your report should not be less than 6,000 words (excluding references and figure captions). • This is an engineering report, thus, your report should be strongly technical and scientific and should present in-depth details, figures (e.g. graphs, diagrams), tables, information, discussion, analysis/calculations. • A proper referencing must be used. • The report should have a proper structure with sections and subsections (if necessary) including Title, Names, Abstract, Body, Summary and References.

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