“Mrs, Smith, what the doctor gave you is a urinalysis test, which is a laboratory analysis of your urine. You can see the results for the urine specific gravity test which compares the density of urine to the density of water. This quick test can help determine how well your kidneys are diluting your urine. Urine thats too concentrated could mean your kidneys arent functioning properly, or that you arent drinking enough water. Adults generally have a specific gravity in the range of 1.000 to 1.030. your specific gravity test results is 1.024 which is within the normal range.
Urine pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine. Checking urine pH is part of the routine urinalysis. a PH of 6 is within the normal range. Your urine color is amber, which is the normal color that the urine should be. Freshly voided urine should be clear and transparent; however, your urine appearance is turbid which is abnormal. The doctor might consider doing further tests for you to make sure of the diagnoses.
WBC (Leukocyte) esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine. If your results were positive that would mean you have a urinary tract infection. However, your results are negative so you are normal and you have no WBC esterase in your urine Healthy kidneys do not allow a significant amount of protein to pass through their filters. But filters damaged by kidney disease may let proteins such as albumin leak from the blood into the urine. Your test results for protein is negative which is normal and indicates that your kidneys are functioning normally. The glucose urine test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in a urine sample. The presence of glucose in the urine is called glycosuria or glucosuria. Your results is negative which means you have no glucose in the urine and it is an indicative that you do not have diabetes.
Your urine is free of ketones which is also an indicative that you do not suffer from diabetes. Occult blood is negative which is a normal urinalysis result that indicates that your urine is free of blood.
Bilirubin is simply an orange-yellow pigment formed in the liver by the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted in bile. In certain liver diseases, such as biliary obstruction or hepatitis, excess bilirubin can build up in the blood and is eliminated in urine. The presence of bilirubin in urine is an early indicator of liver disease. Thats why you would see people with jaundice disease have their skin and eye colors turn into yellow.
Your bilirubin results is negative which is normal and indicate that your liver is functioning normally. I can see that urine uribilinogen is 0.00 which is not in the normal range. Simply Urobilinogen is a colourless by-product of bilirubin reduction. It is formed in the intestines by bacterial action on bilirubin. broad-spectrum antibiotics, which destroy the intestinal bacterial flora.
When there is obstruction in the bile ducts and the loss of intestinal flora (may be the person is taking antibiotic) that cause the amount of urobilinogen to be lower. Are you taking any antibiotics Mrs. Smith? The doctor will probably recommend an X-ray to be taken on the bile ducts as well to make sure that there is no problem with it.
Your test for nitrate is negative which is an indicative that you do not have nitrate in the urine. Nitrate only increase when there is bacteria making infection in the urine. Having nitrate negative means that there is no bacteria in the urine.”
28 Nov 2017 17:08 /> This assignment is for a medical terminology class where we study a lot of medical terms that are related to the medical field (pharmacy students). In this assignment, you are given a scenario in which you are expected to use your knowledge in medical terminology to answer the question. You will identify and define at least five medical terms. You will also reflect on how you will most likely use your knowledge in medical terms and how this knowledge will prepare you as a healthcare professional. The Case:
Your friends grandmother is looking at her laboratory result from her doctors visit last week. She is wondering if you can tell her what these things mean. Urinalysis
Specific gravity 1.024
pH 6.0
Color Amber
Appearance Turbid
WBC esterase (-)
Protein (-)
Glucose (-)
Ketones (-)
Occult blood (-)
Bilirubin (-)
Urobilinogen 0.0
Nitrite, urine (-) Instructions:
-PLEASE ANSWER THE QUESTIONS IN THE FOLLOWING 3 PARTS. Part I. Provide the information for the patient as asked in the scenario. Define at least five (5) medical terms (underline them in your answer). If there is a term that was not part of the list but you believe deserves defining for the patients understanding, you may include this. Part II. Reflect on the use of medical terminology in everyday life. How do you think you will be using your knowledge of medical terminology?
Suggested further questions
– Reflect on the use of medical terminology in patient resources. Is a typical patient able to comprehend the material? In what ways, do you think you can assist patients?
– Reflect on your ability to speak a second language. How does that enhance the use of your knowledge of medical terminology? Part III. How does your knowledge of medical terminology relate to other coursework? To your previous life experiences?