Report a p-value corresponding to your answer to Problem 7.19.

Suppose the annual incidence of asthma in the general population among children 0–4 years of age is 1.4% for boys and 1% for girls.

7.17 If 10 cases are observed over 1 year among 500 boys 0–4 years of age with smoking mothers, then test whether there is a significant difference in asthma incidence between this group and the general population using the critical-value method with a two-sided test.

7.18 Report a p-value corresponding to your answer to Problem 7.17.

7.19 Suppose that four cases are observed over 1 year among 300 girls 0–4 years of age with smoking mothers. Answer Problem 7.17 based on these data.

7.20 Report a p-value corresponding to your answer to Problem 7.19.

What are the multiple correlations of three sets of predictors and overall state of health?

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What conclusions might you draw from these data?

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How would you defend these reforms to persons who advocate for tough-on-crime approaches?

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