· Please do not use Wikipedia as a source.

· Use critical thinking.

· Questioning what you read

· A new perspective when reading about Native people.

· Write what you understand.




· What are the purposes for American Indian ceremonies? What might they all have in common? Are any American Indian ceremonies similar to what exists in other cultures?


· Choose one specific ceremony covered in this course. What is the primary function of this ceremony? What is involved?

· Using the same ceremony from above, what are the observable and unobservable functions of the ceremony? (How might the ceremony/activity(ies) provide a function in the family or the community?)


· Choose one ceremony. Give examples of how the ceremony is significant or relevant in todays’ times? Reflect on today’s challenges or challenges for their community environment.

· Describe or interpret how the origin stories (the four I provide) might give us information about the people and their environment.



– Scope

· Describe how people are involved in their ceremony (either as an individual, or as a group; you can describe a specific ceremony, the preparation of the ceremony, or how it is conducted).

· What do you consider to be the purpose or expected outcome of their ceremonies? You can choose a general theme or a case-by-case study.



– Conclusion

· What do you now understand about American Indian religion and philosophy?

· Compare your knowledge of American Indian religion and philosophy to another major religious practice and/or philosophy.



Yaqui Easter ceremony






Sand Painting



Navajo Sandpainting Video Part I

Navajo Sand painter, silent footage of tribal ritual,1941


Kachina ceremony






Apache Sunrise


Inside an Apache Rite of Passage Into Womanhood