Four strain gauges, with specification given below, are available to measure the torque on a cylindrical shaft 4 cm in diameter connecting a motor and load. (a) Draw clearly labelled….
What is the smallest amount of fuel that is required for the production of 1 ton of steel?
The change in available energy from iron ore to steel is 6.3 x 106 kJ/ton of steel, that is, the available energy of 1 ton of steel is higher by 6.3 x 10 6 kJ than the appropriate quantity of iron oxide from which it is extracated. the available energy of the fuel used in steelmaking is 48,000 kJ/kg of fuel.
(a) What is the smallest amount of fuel that is required for the production of 1 ton of steel?
(b) In some steelmaking plants, it takes about 30 x 106 kJ/ton steel. To what extent is the available energy of the fuel wasted in these plants?
(c) What is the cause of this waste?