• Question 1
    As governor of New Netherland, Petrus Stuyvesant:
  • Answers:
  • a.   refused the open practice of religion by Quakers and Lutherans.
  • b.   saw women as equals in the Dutch Reformed Church.
  • c.   encouraged the Dutch colonists to convert the Indians.
  • d.   welcomed all religious faiths to the colony.
  • e.   favored Catholics over Jews in New Amsterdam.
  • Question 2
    “Christian liberty” was the basis for religious toleration.
  • Answers:
    • True
    • False
  • Question 3
    What was a difference between Chinese and Portuguese navigation?
  • Answers:
  • a.   The Chinese wanted to spread their religion.
  • b.   The Portuguese had no interest in establishing trade ports.
  • c.   The Chinese were not looking to discover new places.
  • d.   The Portuguese naval fleet consisted of more ships that were much larger than Chinese vessels.
  • e.   The Portuguese did not want to spread Christianity and hoped to learn from other world religions.
  • Question 4
    In Europe on the eve of colonization, one conception of freedom, called “Christian liberty,”
  • Answers:
  • a.   referred to the policy of trying to overthrow any non-Christian regime around the world.
  • b.   found expression in countries dominated by Catholics but not in primarily Protestant ones.
  • c.   argued that all Christians should have equal political rights.
  • d.   was a set of ideas today known as “religious toleration.”
  • e.   mingled ideas of freedom with servitude to Jesus Christ—concepts that were seen as mutually reinforcing.
  • Question 5
    What was the most significant result of Ferdinand Magellan’s explorations?
  • Answers:
  • a.   He was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.
  • b.   He and his men were the first Europeans to encounter bison.
  • c.   He led the conquering of the Aztecs.
  • d.   His voyages showed that the circumference of the earth was longer than what Columbus had estimated.
  • e.   He died in the Caribbean islands.
  • Question 6
    Which of the following statements about Spanish America is true?
  • Answers:
  • a.   The Catholic Church played only a minor role in Spanish America.
  • b.   Mestizos enjoyed much political freedom and held most of the high government positions.
  • c.   Spaniards outnumbered the Indian inhabitants after fifty years of settlement.
  • d.   Spanish America was very rural and had few urban centers.
  • e.   Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture—part Spanish, part Indian, and, in some areas, part African.
  • Question 7
    Most, although not all, Indian societies were matrilineal.
  • Answers:                  True                       False
  • Question 8
    “Coverture” refers to:
  • Answers:
  • a.   knowing your place in society, especially at church when sitting in the pews.
  • b.   a binding legal agreement between an indentured servant and his or her master.
  • c.   a tax one pays on one’s property that is assessed quarterly.
  • d.   a woman surrendering her legal identity when she marries.
  • e.   a woman’s responsibility to wear a scarf covering her head when in public.
  • Question 9
    The actions of Bartolomé de las Casas can best be described in modern-day terminology as that of a(n):
  • Answers:
  • a.   curious intellectual.
  • b.   whistleblower.
  • c.   religious zealot.
  • d.   greedy businessman.
  • e.   irrational man.
  • Question 10
    Patroonship in New Netherland:
  • Answers:
  • a.   involved joint Dutch and Indian control of farmland.
  • b.   led to one democratic manor led by Kiliaen van Rensselaer.
  • c.   was a great success, bringing thousands of new settlers to the colony.
  • d.   meant that shareholders received large estates for transporting tenants for agricultural labor.
  • e.   was like a system of medieval lords.
  • Question 11
    In early seventeenth-century Massachusetts, freeman status was granted to adult males who:
  • Answers:
  • a.   were freed slaves.
  • b.   owned land, regardless of their church membership.
  • c.   were landowning church members.
  • d.   voted.
  • e.   had served their term as indentured servants.
  • Question 12
    In the 1650s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism?
  • Answers:
  • a.   Charles II.
  • b.   Oliver Cromwell.
  • c.   James I.
  • d.   Charles I.
  • e.   John Smith.
  • Question 13
    Which of the following best describes how the English viewed Native American ties to the land?
  • Answers:
  • a.   Although they felt the natives had  no claim since they did not cultivate or improve the land, the English  usually bought their land, albeit through treaties they forced on  Indians.
  • b.   They encouraged settlers to move onto Native American land and take it.
  • c.   The English offered natives the chance to remain on the land as slaves and, when this offer was declined, forced them off of it.
  • d.   They simply tried to wipe out Native Americans and then took their land.
  • e.   They totally respected those ties  and let the natives stay in all rural areas, negotiating settlements to  obtain the coastal lands.
  • Question 14
    When comparing the Chesapeake colonies to the New England settlements:
  • Answers:
  • a.   tobacco grew better in New England.
  • b.   Virginia emphasized religion.
  • c.   in the beginning, Virginia had more women.
  • d.   there were more indentured servants in the Chesapeake region.
  • e.   New England had much more peaceful relations with the Native Americans.
  • Question 15
    The Diggers of Great Britain:
  • Answers:
  • a.   influenced the development of the  American colonies, because some of their members and ideas crossed the  Atlantic to the New World.
  • b.   proposed building a tunnel to Rome  to surprise and overpower the Catholic Church, thereby eliminating a  source of controversy in English society.
  • c.   executed King James I.
  • d.   sought to eliminate male ownership of land as a means of promoting social equality for women.
  • e.   overthrew parliamentary forces in 1642.
  • Question 16
    How did indentured servants display a fondness for freedom?
  • Answers:
  • a.   They published pamphlets criticizing their masters, displaying their love of free speech.
  • b.   They became abolitionists, fighting to end slavery in British North America.
  • c.   They insisted on their right to serve in the militia, because they believed in the right to bear arms.
  • d.   Some of them ran away or were disobedient to their masters.
  • e.   They sent letters home telling their fellow Englishmen that the American colonies offered special opportunities for freedom.
  • Question 17
    A central element in the definition of English liberty was:
  • Answers:
  • a.   the right to a trial by jury.
  • b.   that each English citizen owned a copy of the English Constitution.
  • c.   freedom of expression.
  • d.   what an individual king or queen said it was.
  • e.   the right to self-incrimination.
  • Question 18
    Jamestown was originally settled only by men.
  • Answers:                  True                       False
  • Question 19
    For most New Englanders, Indians represented:
  • Answers:
  • a.   survival.
  • b.   curiosities.
  •  c.   culture.
  • d.   savagery.
  • e.   teachers.
  • Question 20
    Which of the following lists these colonies in the proper  chronological order by the dates they were founded, from the earliest to  the latest?
  • Answers:
  • a.   Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Jamestown.
  • b.   Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Rhode Island, Jamestown.
  • c.   Jamestown, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island.
  • d.   Plymouth, Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island.
  • e.   Jamestown, Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Rhode Island.